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Lawn maintenance requirements differ in levels of fertilization, watering, soil pH, and mowing height. Do not apply more than 4 pounds of nitrogen per 1000 square feet per year. Maintenance After your Amazoy zoysia lawn is established it requires very little care and maintenance. Preventive treatments for white grubs can occur in June, when adults are flying and starting to lay eggs. If the bagger is picking up soil, especially sand, the mower blade may need to be sharpened more often than once per month. Insect Control: Cold winter temperatures will usually keep insect problems in zoysiagrass at bay. Apply preemergence herbicides to control winter annual and perennial broadleaf weeds like chickweed and henbit. ‘BA-189’ ‘BA-189’ is a Zoysia japonica cultivar developed by the Uni-versity of Florida (‘BA-189’ was formerly marketed under the brand UltimateFlora™). Since they are fueled by moisture, it is important to use proper watering practices, as well as providing adequate soil drainage. For more information on mole crickets, see HGIC 2155, Mole Cricket Management in Turfgrass. Because of possible injury to the lawn and the potential fire hazard, do not burn off zoysiagrass to remove excessive debris. Do not use a power rake with a 1-inch blade spacing, as severe turf injury may result. If ragged ends of leaf blades become apparent after mowing, the blade needs sharpening. If large patch disease is a chronic problem, apply a fungicide as a preventive (see Pest Control Recommendations for Professional Turfgrass Managers, AG-408, and Large Patch in Turf). Disturbing the soil after an application will allow weeds to emerge through this barrier. Monitor the winter rainfall on a regular basis and apply water to the turf if no measurable rain occurs over a 3 to 4 week period. Watering Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. Do not apply nitrogen until you see that the lawn has started to improve. For more information on aerification, refer to HGIC 1200, Aerating Lawns and HGIC 1226, Turfgrass Cultivation. Control large patch disease by mowing to the proper height, mowing when the lawn is dry, and controlling thatch. A&T State University. This initial mowing will remove excess dormant tissue and establish the desired mowing height for the year. Mowing Thatch Removal A soil test will help determine if a fertilizer containing phosphorus, the middle number in the fertilizer analysis, is sufficient for the lawn. Disease Control Apply 1 pound of potash (K2O) per 1,000 square feet 4 to 6 weeks before the first expected frost by using 1.6 pounds of muriate of potash (0-0-60) or 2 pounds of potassium sulfate (0-0-50) per 1000 square feet. The rate will depend on soil type. Zoysiagrass can be sensitive to some postemergence herbicides, so select the products carefully. Zeon zoysiagrass is a fine-textured turfgrass that makes a beautiful, dark green, shade- & drought-tolerant lawn.Joey Williamson, ©2018 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Several thatch removals over several seasons may be needed. Each pest problem will have its own management strategy and is usually handled with cultural and chemical controls. Nutrient Deficiencies: A yellow appearance during the growing season may indicate an iron deficiency due to excessive soil phosphorus and/or a high soil pH. Thatch Removal Zoysiagrass is sensitive to certain herbicides during hot summer temperatures. Proper irrigation now will help reduce problems later in the summer. Clay soils, however, will hold moisture for a longer period. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Follow March through May guidelines. Lime or sulfur may be added if recommended by a recent soil test. For more information on thatch removal, see HGIC 2360, Controlling Thatch in Lawns. Watering In the coastal and more Southern regions of South Carolina, this generally will occur sometime during April, but further inland, this may be as late as mid-May. Insect Control: There are various insect pests that may attack zoysiagrass during the summer months. See HGIC 1201, Fertilizing Lawns, for more information. Apply postemergence herbicides only when weeds are present. During periods of environmental stress, high temperatures, or a lack of rainfall, slightly raise the mowing height until the stress is eliminated. Proper soil pH is necessary to produce a healthy, highquality, attractive lawn. In partial shade, mow zoysiagrass at 2 to 2½ inches. JUNE * Light fertilizer application if you missed the spring feeding * Iron-only feeding or … Remove no more than 1/3 total height at one time. Zoysia may need supplemental irrigation during drought stress to remain green. Zoysiagrasses are low-growing, very slow-growing, sod-forming grasses. Zoysiagrass(Zoysia. If the grass in the footprints do not rebound, then water the next morning. If new turfgrass growth is encouraged by fertilization during the early spring and this is followed by a late frost, the result can be significant damage to the lawn. Do not apply herbicides in summer unless the temperature is below 90 °F. The resulting ragged ends on the blades make the grass more susceptible to diseases. For example, if you’ve got a 5-5-15 fertilizer, you divide 50 by 5 and you get 10. If a soil test shows a higher pH, sulfur can be applied to lower it. Remove no more than ⅓ total height at one time. Jun : Jul . Potassium is important for disease resistance and cold weather hardiness. The added moisture in the soil will help keep the growing points of the turf warmer, preventing crown death. In general, do not apply post-emergent herbicides during the spring green up of the turf. Late Summer: Depending on the soil type, apply ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square feet before August 15 using a fertilizer that is also high potassium, such as a 15-0-15. If the turf at the edge of the dying area shows a smoky brown, rotted appearance, it will be necessary to apply a fungicide treatment. There are two types of leaf blade textures with zoysiagrass: fine and coarse-bladed. Mowing: The ideal mowing height for zoysiagrass cultivars can range from 1 to 2½ inches depending on your specific site and management. They are also susceptible to damage by nematodes, particularly in the coastal plain. There are currently over a dozen zoysiagrass cultivars available from North Carolina sod growers. Disease Control: For disease control, especially large patch, it is extremely important to treat with fungicides during the fall months. If grubs (the white larvae of beetles, such as Japanese beetles) have been a problem in previous years, monitor the grubs by cutting a square foot piece of sod on three sides and peel it back. Disease Control in Zenith Zoysia. In heavily infested turf, the areas may grow together and thus will not appear circular. Zoysiagrass lawns should receive 2 to 4 pounds of actual nitrogen per growing season per 1000 square feet of turf. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Toccoa Green™ is similar in appearance and maintenance to ‘Diamond’; however, it has a much faster rate of growth and recovers more quickly from scalp damage. Minimal mowing, watering and annual maintenance will reward you with a thick, luxurious green lawn, which will also allow you to transplant additional zoysia plugs on your own. Soil test every two years. You need to apply 1⁄2 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet, but how much fertilizer do you need to buy? spp. While the differences may be small, they mean the difference between a good-looking lawn and a spectacular lawn. Weed Control Mow the lawn when it first turns green in the spring using a rotary or reel mower set as low as possible without scalping the lawn. Mowing: Mow the lawn slightly lower than the regular summer mowing height of 1½ to 2 inches. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. Monitor the lawn on a regular basis to assess the need for irrigation. The best time to apply curative treatments is when grubs are actively feeding near the soil surface, approximately 24 hours after significant rainfall (see White Grubs in Turf, for specific recommendations). Fertilization: Always fertilize and add lime or sulfur based on a soil test. Do not allow the lawn to stay excessively wet if the lawn has a clay soil. Fertilization This will help to correct problems associated with poor infiltration and drainage. Information taken from The Revised Georgia Gardener’s Guide Zoysiagrass prefers a FSA6122 Lawn Care Calendar 1/24/2019 Zoysiagrass Lawn Maintenance Calendar | NC State Extension Publications https://content.ces.ncsu.edu/zoysiagrass-lawn-maintenance-calendar 2/ 5 Last frost dates and first frost dates can vary by several weeks to a month from the coastal areas of South Carolina to the foothills of the Upstate. 2’-2 ½” should be a general rule. Insect Control: Any insects that were missed during the nymphal stage in the summer will have grown to a size where damage is occurring. Keep mowed between .5 to 2 inches. This most frequently occurs when it is mowed too infrequently or is excessively fertilized. Receive Email Notifications for New Publications. Dull mower blades rip rather than cut the grass blades. However, there can be exceptions. Fertilization Irrigation: In the absence of rainfall, continue to water to prevent drought stress. Depending on the height of the new Zoysia that was installed it will determine your mower deck height. Mid-summer: Depending on the soil type, fertilize with ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per 1,000 square feet in June or July using a fertilizer that is also high in potassium, such as a 15-0-15. Be careful not to set the mower too low, as it may scalp the lawn. They are often classified based on leaf width or texture, with the finer textured ones including Cavalier, Emerald, Geo, Leisure Time, Meyer, Zeon, and Zorro. It is best adapted to the Piedmont and Coastal Plain regions of North Carolina, but some of the more cold tolerant cultivars can be grown in the western part of the state as well. Weed Control: A selective, annual grass or broadleaf weed control pre-emergent herbicide that is labelled for use on zoysiagrass and applied during late winter and spring will reduce many weeds the following summer. Apply 5 pounds of pelletized sulfur per 1000 square feet of turf. Insect Control Wait to irrigate again when the lawn shows moisture stress. However, fertilizers containing nitrogen should not be applied during this period unless the lawn is located along the coast and no frost is predicted. If more than six grubs are found under the sod piece, apply a lawn insecticide labelled for grub control according to label directions. Fertilization These 3-way mixes typically contain 2,4-D, dicamba, and mecoprop. A warm-season grass, Empire zoysia tolerates some cold weather but prefers climates where the winters are warm. Zoysia Maintenance Tips. However, two or three applications will be necessary for satisfactory control. Mow Empire zoysia grass … Two applications in the fall, 21 to 28 days apart, is usually sufficient to prevent large patch. AG-432. Overall, proper water management and thatch control is essential to curtail large patch and dollar spot problems. Watering Meyer and Emerald zoysiagrass, Manila grass and Zoysia tenuifolia must be propagated vegetatively from sprigs, plugs or sod. — Read our If this ratio is not available, substitute with another complete analysis fertilizer for this first application. Mole crickets, grubs, ground pearls, as well as nematodes can cause considerable damage. Zoysia japonica is the only species that can be established from seed. Vertically mow in June or July as needed using the March through May guidelines. To manage a lawn, it is important to know the soil texture in the top foot of soil. Leave nutrient-rich grass clippings on the lawn unless they are unsightly or in clumps. It may take several years for a large pH change to occur. Knowing what to do and when to do it is essential. If mole cricket activity is observed, apply a lawn insecticide if damage is excessive. Replant large areas using zoysiagrass sod or plugs. Mow before the grass grows taller than 1 1/2 to 2 inches. Good soil fertility, full sun, high rainfall, southern growing area = better than average growth. Do not apply nitrogen at this time. Zoysiagrass (Zoysia) is a warm-season grass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons to produce a very dense, wear-resistant turf.It is best adapted to the Piedmont and Coastal Plain regions of North Carolina, but some of the more cold tolerant cultivars can … For more information on disease control, please see HGIC 2150 Brown Patch & Large Patch Diseases of Lawns. Mowing:Mow the lawn when it first turns green in the spring using a reel mower set at 3/4 to 1 inch or a rotary mower set as low as possible without scalping the lawn. Recycle nutrients by not collecting clippings unless they are unsightly or in clumps. Weed Control Important times to monitor the weather are late winter or early spring when the turf is coming out of dormancy and early fall when first frost are forecasted. Apply sulfur only when the air temperatures are below 75 °F. commitment to diversity. A sharp mower blade will cleanly cut the grass blades as opposed to tearing the leaves. The mower blade will need sharpening on a regular basis, which is usually about once a month. A soil probe can be used to monitor the soil moisture. Once established, there is little that you need to do to keep your Zoysia lawn alive and healthy. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. See the section on fertilizer calculations below to determine how much granular fertilizer product should be applied. This is especially important if warm, bright days preceed days forecasted to be in the low 20’s or lower. Spraying with iron (ferrous) sulfate) at 2 ounces in 3 to 5 gallons of water per 1,000 square feet or applying a chelated iron product will help to enhance turf color. Producing a yearly maintenance calendar for managing turfgrass consistently year after year can be difficult in a state with such a diverse climate as South Carolina. Disease Control The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial products or services in this publication does not imply endorsement by NC State University or N.C. A&T State University nor discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. After plugging, apply a preemergence herbicide that does not interfere with zoysiagrass root growth to help prevent weeds. Zoysiagrass Lawn Maintenance Calendar Lawn Maintenance Calendars . Most areas of South Carolina receive enough rainfall during the winter to avoid winter desiccation of lawns. ZOYSIAGRASS LAWN CALENDAR Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec MOWING HEIGHT: 1/2" - 1 1/2"; raise 1/2" higher during summer heat. For assistance, contact your local N.C. Check for and control any white grubs. A long-term approach is needed to correct either cause, but iron can be added to quickly enhance turf color between the spring and summer fertilizer applications. Do not apply postemergence herbicides unless weeds are present, grass is actively growing, and the lawn is not suffering from drought. Mowing Grass clippings decompose quickly and do not contribute to thatch. A&T State University, in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee The basic maintenance for Zoysia lawns will be dependant upon soil fertility, rainfall, full sun or shadier area, grown north or south. Turf weakened by disease in fall will be slow to recover in the spring; therefore, fungicide applications are needed to control disease before the grass goes dormant. )is a warmseasonturfgrass that has been Mowing For more information, refer to HGIC 1204, Lawn Renovation. Some varieties of Zoysia matrella are highly susceptible to damage by nematodes. An application of a soluble iron product will enhance the green color without creating excessive growth. SOIL MANAGEMENT. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. Make note of areas with white grub activity and plan to apply a preventive application in the spring or early summer. Cont’ cut more than 1/3 the blade. MOWING. They make a very dense, wear-resistant lawn but are slow to recover from injury. Renovation Follow March through May guidelines. Crabgrass species, goosegrass, dallisgrass, purple and yellow nutsedge, annual sedges, and sandbur can be controlled with postemergence herbicides. The following management practices will help you care for your lawn throughout the year. Renovation: Replant large bare areas in May using sod, plugs, or sprigs (5 bushels per 1,000 square feet). Contact the local County Extension Office or the Home & Garden Information Center for positive identification and proper management strategies. A dark bluish-gray appearance, footprinting, or wilted, folded, or curled leaves indicate that it is time to water. Weed Control These suggested maintenance will help you care for your lawnthroughoutthe year. These grasses are typically used for lawns or general turf areas. In absence of a soil test, apply 1⁄2 pound of nitrogen per 1,000 square feet approximately three weeks after greenup. Home Lawn Maintenance & Turf Care. Apply postemergence herbicides as needed to control summer annual and perennial broadleaf weeds. Empire Zoysia Lawn Maintenance Calendar General Information for Empire Zoysia grass Empire Zoysia grass is a native proprietary selection of Zoysia japonica. Broadleaf weed herbicides can be applied as necessary for control of chickweed, henbit, and other cool-season broadleaf weeds. Mowing: Mow the lawn slightly lower than the regular summer mowing height of 1½ to 2 inches. This should be done just before the time of lawn green-up, which usually occurs during late April or early May. If possible, use a mower with a bagger to collect the clippings and remove any dead material left from winter dor… This program will provide the healthiest, thickest, greenest zoysia lawn with less weeds while using 80% less chemicals and pesticides than other conventional lawn programs. See HGIC 1212, Zoysiagrass for additional information on care and varieties. Lime or sulfur may also be added if a soil test indicates a need. Thatch Removal: If a thatch layer becomes a problem, use a dethatcher or vertical mower to remove it. Fertilization: Do not apply nitrogen at this time. Alternatively, the lawn can be hand raked to remove the excessive dead leaf material from the lawn surface. Here are some turfgrass variations if you need information about recommended mowing height, fertilization rate, shade tolerance, or other common problems. Once the threat for frost has passed, lawn aerification may be combined with dethatching to alleviate any soil compaction problems. If the turf does stay wet, circular areas may start to develop and slowly grow in size. This is the only species of zoysiagrass that has seed commercially available. Establishment from plugs is very slow (typically two to four years). After the lawn has become dormant, water as needed to prevent excessive dehydration. For more information on white grub management, see HGIC 2156, White Grub Management in Turfgrass. However, this is not always the case. Do not mow the lawn for 3 days prior to or 2 days after herbicide application. The following management practices will help you care for your lawn throughout the year. Winter desiccation can be a problem during dry winters. Another method is to walk across the lawn late in the evening. See HGIC 1652, Soil Testing for instructions on how to properly do a soil test. Curative treatments for white grubs are applied after the larvae have hatched from the egg stage. It has performed well in sandy and The irrigation interval will vary from site to site depending on the environmental conditions at that site and soil type. Vegetative Types. In the absence of a soil test, use a complete nitrogen-phosphorus, potassium (N-P-K) turf fertilizer with a 3-1-2 or 4-1-2 ratio (for example, 12-4-8 or 16-4-8). A second application is needed approximately 8 to 10 weeks after the initial application to give season long control of annual grassy and broadleaf weeds. Find more information at the following NC State Extension websites: Publication date: Aug. 3, 2020 A spring application, when zoysiagrass is emerging from dormancy, may be necessary after a warm, wet winter. However, with cooler nights and shorter day lengths, control can be quite difficult because of slow turf recovery during this time. Apply a post-emergent herbicide as needed to control existing winter grassy and broadleaf weeds. Fertilization: Fertilization of zoysiagrass should be based on soil test results, and this is a good time to test soil. Apply an insecticide to reduce the population and reduce further turf damage. In absence of a soil test, … Fall is when your Zoysia starts to slow down for the year, so now is the time to do preventative maintenance. To help reduce disease problems, fertilize the zoysiagrass lawn according to recent soil test recommendations and water infrequently. That means you need to buy 10 pounds of fertilizer for every 1,000 square feet of lawn. Contact the local County Extension office or the Home & Garden Information Center for weed identification and control measures. EMPIRE is an attractive turfgrass for a variety of applications due to its low maintenance … Apply broadleaf herbicides as necessary to control winter annual weeds like chickweed. White grubs may be active at this time but spring curative applications are not effective. In certain situations where large patch has been prevalent yearly, a preventative fungicide application may be needed starting in early October to stay ahead of the disease. This turfgrass species normally produces a hefty thatch layer, so a little thicker thatch than for other turfgrass species is acceptable. Be aware, it could take several months for lime and sulfur applications to begin to affect the soil pH. Watering to prevent drought stress can help eliminate turf loss during winter. Zoysiagrass (Zoysia) is a warm-season grass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons to produce a very dense, wear-resistant turf. Soil testing is free through county Coop erative Extension Service offices. If you use quality products, you do not need as many applications. 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